What Are the Unsafe Methods of Abortion?
There can be many, but the idea is to avoid them. Unaware, wrongly-performed abortions, or deliveries for that matter, have caused mothers’ deaths throughout the centuries. So many that the count reaches as high as 13.2 per cent in some places around the globe when it comes to abortion. Other than that, self-performed abortions without proper guidance or ones that include not taking the right pill at the right time can also be quite fatal.
As it is, some methods of abortion are now understood to be so unsafe those can be put equivalent to taking one’s own life. Such methods include drinking bleach, turpentine or similar toxic fluids, or even drinkable concoctions which are mixed with livestock manure. Other more common methods, however, involve inflicting direct injury to the vagina and/or related parts of the body — say, inserting different types of preparations (non-herbal or herbal) into the cervix or vagina; placing an external object inside the body, for example, a twig, a chicken bone or a coat hanger into the uterus; or putting into the rectum or vagina some inappropriate forms of medication. Some women also choose jumping from a roof or from the top of stairs to induce external injury; inflicting blunt trauma to the abdomen is also a common occurrence. A lot of this has to do with how abortion is still treated as a taboo in numerous places around the world whereas a lot of times an abortion can be a very crucial option and also a life-saving choice.
Unskilled providers, on the other hand, have also been observed as improperly performing dilation and curettage and also in unhygienic settings, which can lead to uterine perforations and several infections.
How to Avoid These Unsafe Methods?
If, for some reason, you do not know already that there are better, safer, not at all costly, and discreet methods now for abortion, all you have to do is look around. In most places, the government is taking steps to spread awareness regarding safe abortion. What’s even better is that the safe alternative to all the wrong methods of abortion is also very easy to administer. With proper guidance, lots of rest and sufficient amount of drinking water, an MTP Kit is the only thing you may ever need for a proper abortion. As it is, over 95% of the women, according to a survey, who choose to stay at home for a medical abortion using an MTP Kit end up being very satisfied with the process.
What Is a Medical Abortion?
In the simplest, medical abortion is the procedure that puts to use medication for inducing an abortion or termination of pregnancy. An MTP — Medical Termination of Pregnancy — Kit, which contains two different drugs, has the preferred set of medicines for inducing and completing the said procedure.
RU-486 (Mifepristone), which is administered first during the procedure functions as a blocker of progesterone receptors in your body. Through this, it puts a check on progesterone activity, which is otherwise important for helping the uterine lining thicken and get ready for pregnancy.
Cytotec 200 mcg (Misoprostol), which is the other medicine as part of an MTP Kit, works on uterine contractions. It helps the uterus expel the embryo or the entire foetus from the womb. This is to prevent any form of misplaced reimplantation or ectopic pregnancy.
A medical abortion, using an MTP Kit, is considered safe in case of a pregnancy of up to 64-76 days or 9-11 weeks. It is, however, recommended that a medical termination of pregnancy in the first month is the safest choice.
Can Anyone Go for a Medical Abortion?
With over 40 per cent of all the pregnancies in the recent decades being unplanned or unintended and round about 55 per cent of those ending in abortion, medical abortion has now become a popular, safe choice. More so because it has proved successful in over 95 per cent cases of application.
However, in some cases, medical abortion might not be the thing for you. This applies if:
- you experience an allergic reaction in response to any or both of the drugs in an MTP Kit;
- your pregnancy is ectopic, i.e., the implantation hasn’t occurred in the uterus but elsewhere;
- you suffer from blood circulation-related issues — say, a bleeding disorder — and/or prescribed blood thinners;
- you have any severe lung, liver or kidney disease; or
- you use an intrauterine device
In any or more of these conditions, it is suggested that you talk to your doctor after which they can recommend the right steps ahead. They might make some changes in your medication and then allow an MTP or they might advise you to go for a surgical abortion instead.
Pregnancy and abortion are very common conditions but, for many unjustified reasons, the latter has been considered a taboo in different cultures in different ages. This has caused a lack of awareness which has proved to be hazardous through many centuries of humankind. Thanks to proper scientific development, almost every one of us is now aware or becoming aware about the more crucial points of survival. One of those is abortion and when not performed in the right manner can cause the mother’s death. Sadly, it’s not an uncommon result either. This has, however, led to popularisation of the safer options for termination of pregnancy, including an MTP, which under proper guidance can be performed merely with the help of a couple of medicines. All that’s needed is proper rest and plenty of water.